Rooibos is an indigenous plant (Aspalathus Linearis, the botanical name) is often called “red tea” or “red bush tea” because of the bright red color the leaves become during fermentation (oxidation) to enhance their flavor and aroma. Rooibos thrives almost exclusively in the Cedarberg region of South Africa.
Rooibos tea is naturally caffeine free and has very little tannin when compared to Camellia sinensis (Black) tea. Tannins are phytochemicals present in tea that inhibits the body’s ability to absorb important minerals like Iron.
Rooibos tea is rich in minerals and has an abundance and complex mix of flavonoids (compounds widely found in plants that are known to have health benefits) including; Aspalathin, Nothofagin, Quercetin, Rutin, Isoquercitrin, Orientin, Isoorientin, Luteolin, Vitexin, Isovitexin, Chrysoeriol, and also polyphenol antioxidants (Antioxidants are the organic substances that protect healthy cells from free radical damage and helps in fighting and preventing disease).
Rooibos is unique to other herbal teas in that it has the compound aspalathin which has been shown to be more effective at neutralizing free radicals than EGCG. Currently, rooibos is the only known natural source of aspalathin.
MINERALS IN ROOIBOS TEA
Calcium – Builds stronger teeth and bones as well delaying the process of de-calcification in the body.
Fluoride – strengthens tooth enamel and prevents decay.
Iron – this is one of the most important minerals body needs. It is an important part of hemoglobin, the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen from your lungs to transport it throughout your body.
Magnesium – is important as it’s needed for more than 300 biochemical reactions in the body. It helps to regulate body temperature, maintain normal nerve and muscle function, supports a healthy immune system, reduces your risk of cardiovascular disease, and helps to build your bones stay strong. It also helps regulate blood glucose levels and aid in the production of energy and protein, decreases the frequency of migraines, delays the onset of osteoporosis, lowers type 2 diabetes risk, and reduce symptoms of Fibromyalgia.
Potassium – is also an electrolyte, and is crucial to heart function and plays a key role in skeletal and smooth muscle contraction, making it important for normal digestive and muscular function. It regulates blood pressure and heartbeat and protects against cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Sodium – Sodium (not from table salt) is necessary for a variety of the body’s functions. Sodium not only helps keep up a healthy fluid balance, it also contributes to proper muscle contraction and nerve impulse conduction.
Zinc – is an essential mineral and found in cells throughout the body. It aids cell division, cell growth, the immune system in healing wounds, and the breakdown of carbohydrates.and body immune system. Zinc is also needed for skin, nail health and the senses of smell and taste.
Trace minerals – Copper and manganese